La analogía es un recurso literario que se basa en la conexión que se establece entre elementos que son distintos por naturaleza. En otras palabras, si dos objetos diferentes son parecidos en determinados aspectos, también serán semejantes en otros. Es por ello, que la analogía nos ayuda a  determinar o deducir el significado de un término desconocido a partir de dicha relación análoga. En la literatura, la analogía se utiliza para representar una idea o pensamiento que comparte similitudes y/o diferencias con otras imágenes o símbolos, a través de metáforas y/o alegorías, ambas figuras retóricas.

Algunos ejemplos:

  • Un ángel representa al bien así como el demonio representa al mal.
  • La primavera es al otoño así como el verano es al invierno.
  • El frío es al calor así como la luz es a la oscuridad.
  • La Habana es a Cuba así como Washington es a los Estados Unidos.
  • La vida es a la muerte así como el amor es al odio.
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