Running from January to March, these festivities feature parades of people dressed as characters from history and fantasy, as well as calypso music, dancing, and concerts. Up to 3000 people take part in the Carnival of El Callao, associated with emancipation celebrations in French-speaking islands of the Caribbean. The carnival highlights the history of el Callao, reinforces its cultural identity, promotes unity, and encourages younger generations to discover their heritage.
Punto is the poetry and music of Cuban farmers. Throughout history, this music has typically been practiced in the countryside. Punto is an essential part of Cuban culture. The music and lyrics promote dialogue and express the feelings and values of the farmers and, in general, Cuban communities and neighborhoods.
The Pujllay and Ayarichi performances in Bolivia are very important to the Yampara culture and its connection to nature. In the rainy season, the Pujllay ritual celebrates abundance and fertility of Mother Nature. An altar is built in the yards of the houses and is covered with leaves, fruits, and food. On the other hand, the Ayarichi dance is celebrated in the dry season and is dedicated to Catholic saints.
In Costa Rica, the tradition of decorating oxcarts started in the early twentieth century. Nowadays, the carretas remain a strong symbol of Costa Rica’s rural past and history. Costa Ricans are proud of this traditional art: there are even creative carreta contests!
Peru covers 496,225 sq mi of western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Watch the following video about this fascinating South American country, a land full of contrasts and a country brimming with culture, legend, folklore and nature.
- Watch the video and pay close attention to the images. If you had to find a slogan or tagline for the promotion or Peru, what would it be?
- Write a short paragraph that could go along with the video to present Peru to a foreign visitor.
- Do you like hiking? Why? Would you like to hike in the Peruvian Andes?