The Garifuna Language, dance and music

Garifuna women protest demanding justice in the case of the murder of the Lenca indigenous leader Berta Caceres, in Tegucigalpa, on May 25, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / ORLANDO SIERRA        (Photo credit should read ORLANDO SIERRA/AFP/Getty Images)

Garifuna communities mainly live in Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Belize.  The Garifuna language is rich in stories (úraga). Their music and melodies have African and Amerindian influences and are usually accompanied by drums and dances. Although the language is still widely spoken, it is now taught in only one village.

Read more and view the short documentary video “Language, dance and music of the Garifuna (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua)”:


  1. What is the origin of the Garifuna population and settlement?
  2. What musical instruments do you see in the video and pictures?
  3. Why are the Garifuna language and traditions endangered?
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